Illinois is a state in the Midwest region of the United States, bordered by Wisconsin, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, and Iowa. It has a population of about 12.6 million people, making it the sixth-most populous state in the country. Illinois is known for its diverse economy, culture, and politics, as well as its rich history and natural resources.
Among the many demographic groups that live in Illinois, single mothers are one of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged. Single mothers are women who are raising one or more children without a spouse or partner. They may be divorced, widowed, separated, never married, or cohabiting with someone who is not the biological father of their children. Single mothers face many challenges and barriers in their daily lives, such as poverty, low income, unemployment, lack of education, health problems, social isolation, discrimination, and violence.
According to the latest Census data from 2021, there are about 1.2 million single-parent families with children under 18 years old in Illinois. Out of these, about 1 million (83%) are headed by single mothers. This means that about one in five (20%) households with children in Illinois are led by single mothers. In this article, we will explore some of the statistics and facts about single mothers in Illinois, based on various indicators and categories.
The demographic characteristics of single mothers in Illinois vary by age group, race, education level, and other factors. Here are some of the key statistics:
- Age Groups: The median age of single mothers in Illinois is 38 years old. About 19% of them are under 30 years old, 32% are between 30 and 39 years old, 30% are between 40 and 49 years old, and 19% are 50 years or older.
- Race: The majority of single mothers in Illinois are White (54%), followed by Black (27%), Hispanic (14%), Asian (3%), Two or More Races (2%), American Indian and Alaska Native (0.3%), and Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander (0.1%). However, the racial distribution of single mothers differs from that of married couples with children. For example, while White women make up 64% of married mothers in Illinois, they account for only 54% of single mothers. Similarly, while Black women make up 13% of married mothers in Illinois, they represent 27% of single mothers.
- Education: The educational attainment of single mothers in Illinois is lower than that of married mothers. About 11% of single mothers have not completed high school, compared to only 4% of married mothers. About 31% of single mothers have a high school diploma or equivalent, compared to 18% of married mothers. About 35% of single mothers have some college education or an associate degree, compared to 37% of married mothers. Only 23% of single mothers have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 41% of married mothers.