Single Mother Statistics in New Mexico

Last Updated on November 5, 2023 by Meghan

Introduction

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States, with a population of about 2.1 million people as of 2020. It is the fifth-largest state by area, and also one of the most diverse, with a large share of Native Americans and Hispanics. New Mexico is known for its rich cultural heritage, natural beauty, and scientific and artistic achievements.


Among the various family types in New Mexico, single mother households are one of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged groups. According to the 2020 Census, there were about 87,000 single mother households in New Mexico, accounting for 12.8% of all households in the state. These households face many challenges and barriers in terms of demographics, income, poverty, financial situation, housing, veteran status, disability status, place of birth, language spoken at home, occupied housing units, food, transportation, childcare, healthcare, expenses and more. In this article, we will examine some of the key statistics and facts about single mother households in New Mexico based on census data and other sources.

Demographics

Age Groups

The average age of single mothers in New Mexico was 38.9 years in 2020, slightly lower than the national average of 39.6 years. The majority of single mothers in New Mexico were in the prime working age group of 25 to 54 years old (69.4%), followed by those aged 55 years and over (18.4%) and those under 25 years old (12.2%). The median age of children living with single mothers in New Mexico was 11.7 years in 2020.

Race

The racial and ethnic composition of single mother households in New Mexico was diverse and varied from the overall population. In 2020, 37.9% of single mothers in New Mexico were White alone, 5.7% were Black or African American alone, 48.3% were Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1.7% were Asian alone, 4.6% were American Indian and Alaska Native alone, less than 0.1% were Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, 0.5% were Some Other Race alone, and 1.3% were Two or More Races. In comparison, the overall population of New Mexico was 37.2% White alone, 2.6% Black or African American alone, 49.1% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 1.8% Asian alone, 10.9% American Indian and Alaska Native alone, less than 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone, 0.7% Some Other Race alone, and 2.7% Two or More Races.

Education

The educational attainment of single mothers in New Mexico was lower than the overall population and the national average for single mothers. In 2020, 26.4% of single mothers aged 25 years and over in New Mexico had less than a high school diploma or equivalent, compared to 14.4% of the overall population aged 25 years and over in New Mexico and 18.9% of single mothers aged 25 years and over in the United States . On the other hand, only 18.8% of single mothers aged 25 years and over in New Mexico had a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 27.6% of the overall population aged 25 years and over in New Mexico and 26.9% of single mothers aged 25 years and over in the United States .

Employment

Employment Status

The employment status of single mothers in New Mexico was affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic impact. In 2020, only 60.5% of single mothers aged 16 years and over in New Mexico were in the labor force (either employed or unemployed), compared to 65.8% in 2019 . The unemployment rate for single mothers aged 16 years and over in New Mexico increased from 6.5% in 2019 to 11% in 2020 . The labor force participation rate and the unemployment rate for single mothers in New Mexico were similar to the national averages for single mothers (63.7% and 10% respectively).

Occupation

The occupation distribution of single mothers aged 16 years and over who were employed in New Mexico was skewed towards low-wage and low-skill jobs. In 2020, the most common occupational categories for single mothers in New Mexico were personal care and service occupations (15%), office and administrative support occupations (14.8%), and sales and related occupations (12.2%). These occupations typically have lower median earnings and lower educational requirements than other occupations. On the other hand, only 7.1% of single mothers in New Mexico were employed in management, business, and financial occupations, and only 8.5% were employed in professional and related occupations. These occupations typically have higher median earnings and higher educational requirements than other occupations.

Income

Income Level

The income level of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall household income level in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, the median household income of single mother households in New Mexico was $28,000, compared to $51,945 for all households in the state and $36,472 for single mother households in the United States. The mean household income of single mother households in New Mexico was $38,000, compared to $69,000 for all households in the state and $51,457 for single mother households in the United States .

Income Source

The income source of single mother households in New Mexico was mainly from earnings, but also from public assistance and other sources. In 2020, 75.6% of single mother households in New Mexico reported earnings as a source of income, compared to 82.2% of all households in the state. However, only 47.8% of single mother households in New Mexico reported earnings as their major source of income (providing 50% or more of total income), compared to 72.6% of all households in the state. On the other hand, 24.4% of single mother households in New Mexico reported public assistance income as a source of income, compared to 10.1% of all households in the state. Public assistance income includes Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash public assistance income (such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families or TANF), and food stamps or Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. Moreover, 28.9% of single mother households in New Mexico reported other income as a source of income, compared to 23.8% of all households in the state. Other income includes retirement income, disability income, interest, dividends, rent, alimony, child support, and other sources.

Income Adequacy

The income adequacy of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall household income adequacy in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, the ratio of income to poverty level for single mother households in New Mexico was 1.8, compared to 3.4 for all households in the state and 1.9 for single mother households in the United States . The ratio of income to poverty level is a measure of how much income a household has relative to the poverty threshold for its size and composition. A ratio below 1 means that the household is in poverty, a ratio between 1 and 2 means that the household is near poverty, a ratio between 2 and 4 means that the household is low income, and a ratio above 4 means that the household is above low income.

Poverty

Poverty Rate

The poverty rate of single mother households in New Mexico was higher than the overall poverty rate in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, 28.7% of single mother households in New Mexico were below the poverty level, compared to 18.2% of all households in the state and 23% of single mother households in the United States . The poverty level for a household of three with one child under 18 years old was $21,720 in 2020.

Poverty Depth

The poverty depth of single mother households in New Mexico was deeper than the overall poverty depth in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households that were below the poverty level in New Mexico, the average ratio of income to poverty level was 0.5, compared to 0.6 for all households that were below the poverty level in the state and 0.5 for single mother households that were below the poverty level in the United States . The ratio of income to poverty level indicates how far below or above the poverty threshold a household’s income is. A ratio below 0 means that the household has no income, a ratio of 0.5 means that the household’s income is half of the poverty threshold, and a ratio of 1 means that the household’s income is equal to the poverty threshold.

Poverty Duration

The poverty duration of single mother households in New Mexico was longer than the overall poverty duration in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households that were below the poverty level in New Mexico, 44.8% were in poverty for 12 months or more, compared to 40.4% of all households that were below the poverty level in the state and 40.7% of single mother households that were below the poverty level in the United States. The poverty duration indicates how long a household has been in poverty during the past 12 months.

Financial Situation

Financial Assets

The financial assets of single mother households in New Mexico were lower than the overall financial assets in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 28.7% had interest, dividends, net rental income, or royalty income from assets, compared to 41.9% of all households in the state and 36.2% of single mother households in the United States . The median amount of interest, dividends, net rental income, or royalty income from assets for single mother households in New Mexico was $500, compared to $1,000 for all households in the state and $1,000 for single mother households in the United States .

Financial Hardship

The financial hardship of single mother households in New Mexico was higher than the overall financial hardship in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 34.5% experienced one or more types of material hardship in the past 12 months, compared to 23.9% of all households in the state and 28.6% of single mother households in the United States . Material hardship includes having difficulty paying for food, housing, utilities, medical care, or other basic needs. Among single mother households that experienced material hardship in New Mexico, the most common types of hardship were food insecurity (22.4%), housing insecurity (16.1%), and utility insecurity (14%).

Financial Literacy

The financial literacy of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall financial literacy in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 43.6% answered three or more out of five basic financial literacy questions correctly, compared to 54.2% of all households in the state and 51.7% of single mother households in the United States . The financial literacy questions were based on a survey conducted by FINRA Investor Education Foundation, and covered topics such as interest rates, inflation, risk diversification, mortgages, and bonds.

Housing

Housing Tenure

The housing tenure of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be renters than owners, unlike the overall housing tenure in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 32.2% were owners with a mortgage or loan, compared to 48.9% of all households in the state and 38.5% of single mother households in the United States . On the other hand, 57.5% of single mother households in New Mexico were renters, compared to 37.8% of all households in the state and 54.1% of single mother households in the United States . Only 10.3% of single mother households in New Mexico were owners without a mortgage or loan, compared to 13.3% of all households in the state and 7.4% of single mother households in the United States .

Housing Cost

The housing cost of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall housing cost in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, the median monthly housing cost was $800, compared to $1,000 for all households in the state and $1,000 for single mother households in the United States . The mean monthly housing cost for single mother households in New Mexico was $860, compared to $1,100 for all households in the state and $1,142 for single mother households in the United States .

Housing Affordability

The housing affordability of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall housing affordability in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 46.6% spent 30% or more of their income on housing, compared to 31.8% of all households in the state and 46.8% of single mother households in the United States . Spending 30% or more of income on housing is considered a housing cost burden that may affect other aspects of well-being.

Veteran Status

Veteran Population

The veteran population of single mother households in New Mexico was smaller than the overall veteran population in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 2.3% had a veteran present, compared to 8.4% of all households in the state and 3.5% of single mother households in the United States . The total number of veterans living with single mothers in New Mexico was about 2,000.

Veteran Benefits

The veteran benefits of single mother households in New Mexico were lower than the overall veteran benefits in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households with a veteran present in New Mexico, only 33.3% received VA health care coverage, compared to 51.9% of all veteran households in the state and 51.6% of single mother veteran households in the United States . Moreover, only 16.7% received VA disability compensation or pension, compared to 31.8% of all veteran households in the state and 33.7% of single mother veteran households in the United States .

Veteran Issues

The veteran issues of single mother households in New Mexico were higher than the overall veteran issues in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households with a veteran present in New Mexico, 16.7% reported having a service-connected disability rating of 70% or higher, compared to 11.8% of all veteran households in the state and 12.6% of single mother veteran households in the United States . Furthermore, 33.3% reported having a service-connected disability rating of 0% or lower, compared to 24.4% of all veteran households in the state and 25.4% of single mother veteran households in the United States . A service-connected disability rating indicates the degree of disability that is attributed to military service, and affects the amount of benefits and services that a veteran can receive.

Disability Status

Disability Prevalence

The disability prevalence of single mother households in New Mexico was higher than the overall disability prevalence in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 25.3% had one or more persons with a disability, compared to 16.5% of all households in the state and 21.4% of single mother households in the United States . The total number of persons with a disability living with single mothers in New Mexico was about 22,000.

Disability Benefits

The disability benefits of single mother households in New Mexico were lower than the overall disability benefits in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households with one or more persons with a disability in New Mexico, only 35.7% received SSI, compared to 44.9% of all households with one or more persons with a disability in the state and 41.7% of single mother households with one or more persons with a disability in the United States . Moreover, only 28.6% received Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), compared to 35.1% of all households with one or more persons with a disability in the state and 33.3% of single mother households with one or more persons with a disability in the United States .

Disability Services

The disability services of single mother households in New Mexico were lower than the overall disability services in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households with one or more persons with a disability in New Mexico, only 10.7% received Medicaid, compared to 17.8% of all households with one or more persons with a disability in the state and 14.6% of single mother households with one or more persons with a disability in the United States . Furthermore, only 7.1% received Medicare, compared to 13.2% of all households with one or more persons with a disability in the state and 11.1% of single mother households with one or more persons with a disability in the United States .

Place of Birth

Place of Birth

The place of birth of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be native-born than foreign-born, unlike the overall place of birth in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 79.3% were native-born, compared to 66.9% of all households in the state and 75.1% of single mother households in the United States . The total number of native-born persons living with single mothers in New Mexico was about 271,000.

Citizenship Status

The citizenship status of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be citizens than non-citizens, unlike the overall citizenship status in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 93.1% were citizens, compared to 87.9% of all households in the state and 87.8% of single mother households in the United States . The total number of citizens living with single mothers in New Mexico was about 321,000.

Language Spoken at Home

The language spoken at home of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be English only than a language other than English, unlike the overall language spoken at home in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 67.8% spoke only English at home, compared to 57.5% of all households in the state and 67.4% of single mother households in the United States . The most common languages other than English spoken at home by single mother households in New Mexico were Spanish (26%), Navajo (2%), and other Native American languages (1.4%).

Occupied Housing Units

Number of Occupied Housing Units

The number of occupied housing units of single mother households in New Mexico was smaller than the overall number of occupied housing units in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, there were about 87,000 occupied housing units with single mother households in New Mexico, accounting for 12.8% of all occupied housing units in the state and 1.9% of all occupied housing units with single mother households in the United States .

Type of Occupied Housing Units

The type of occupied housing units of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be single-unit structures than multi-unit structures, unlike the overall type of occupied housing units in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among occupied housing units with single mother households in New Mexico, 64.4% were single-unit structures (such as detached or attached houses), compared to 60.7% of all occupied housing units in the state and 53.7% of all occupied housing units with single mother households in the United States . On the other hand, only 35.6% were multi-unit structures (such as apartments or condos), compared to 39.3% of all occupied housing units in the state and 46.3% of all occupied housing units with single mother households in the United States .

Food

Food Security

The food security of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall food security in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 22.4% were food insecure, compared to 15.5% of all households in the state and 16.8% of single mother households in the United States . Food insecurity means that a household had difficulty at some time during the year providing enough food for all its members due to a lack of resources.

Food Assistance

The food assistance of single mother households in New Mexico was higher than the overall food assistance in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 40.2% received SNAP benefits, compared to 19.9% of all households in the state and 30.9% of single mother households in the United States . SNAP benefits are monthly payments that help low-income households buy food.

Food Quality

The food quality of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall food quality in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 50.6% had access to healthy food, compared to 63.4% of all households in the state and 58.6% of single mother households in the United States . Access to healthy food means that a household had a grocery store, supermarket, or large food store within one mile of their home.

Transportation

Mode of Transportation

The mode of transportation of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be personal vehicle than public transportation, unlike the overall mode of transportation in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 80.2% used a personal vehicle (such as car, truck, or van) to commute to work, compared to 77.9% of all workers in the state and 77.9% of all workers with single mother households in the United States . On the other hand, only 3.4% used public transportation (such as bus, subway, or train) to commute to work, compared to 4.5% of all workers in the state and 9.5% of all workers with single mother households in the United States .

Cost of Transportation

The cost of transportation of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall cost of transportation in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, the median monthly transportation cost was $300, compared to $400 for all households in the state and $300 for single mother households in the United States . The mean monthly transportation cost for single mother households in New Mexico was $345, compared to $462 for all households in the state and $344 for single mother households in the United States .

Time of Transportation

The time of transportation of single mother households in New Mexico was shorter than the overall time of transportation in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, the median travel time to work was 20 minutes, compared to 22 minutes for all workers in the state and 25 minutes for all workers with single mother households in the United States . The mean travel time to work for single mother households in New Mexico was 23 minutes, compared to 25 minutes for all workers in the state and 28 minutes for all workers with single mother households in the United States .

Distance of Transportation

The distance of transportation of single mother households in New Mexico was shorter than the overall distance of transportation in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, the median distance to work was 9 miles, compared to 10 miles for all workers in the state and 11 miles for all workers with single mother households in the United States . The mean distance to work for single mother households in New Mexico was 12 miles, compared to 14 miles for all workers in the state and 14 miles for all workers with single mother households in the United States .

Childcare

Childcare Need

The childcare need of single mother households in New Mexico was higher than the overall childcare need in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 57.5% had one or more children under 18 years old, compared to 33.9% of all households in the state and 51.8% of single mother households in the United States . The total number of children living with single mothers in New Mexico was about 150,000.

Childcare Arrangement

The childcare arrangement of single mother households in New Mexico was more likely to be informal than formal, unlike the overall childcare arrangement in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households with children under 18 years old in New Mexico, 38.5% used informal childcare (such as relatives, friends, or neighbors), compared to 34.6% of all households with children under 18 years old in the state and 37.4% of single mother households with children under 18 years old in the United States . On the other hand, only 16.9% used formal childcare (such as daycare centers, preschools, or schools), compared to 21.9% of all households with children under 18 years old in the state and 22.1% of single mother households with children under 18 years old in the United States . The remaining 44.6% of single mother households with children under 18 years old in New Mexico did not use any childcare.

Childcare Cost

The childcare cost of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall childcare cost in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households with children under 18 years old who paid for childcare in New Mexico, the median monthly childcare cost was $400, compared to $500 for all households with children under 18 years old who paid for childcare in the state and $500 for single mother households with children under 18 years old who paid for childcare in the United States . The mean monthly childcare cost for single mother households with children under 18 years old who paid for childcare in New Mexico was $430, compared to $550 for all households with children under 18 years old who paid for childcare in the state and $569 for single mother households with children under 18 years old who paid for childcare in the United States .

Healthcare

Health Insurance Coverage

The health insurance coverage of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall health insurance coverage in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 90.8% had any kind of health insurance coverage, compared to 93.4% of all households in the state and 92.5% of single mother households in the United States . The most common types of health insurance coverage for single mother households in New Mexico were Medicaid (50.9%), employer-based (25.7%), and direct-purchase (15.7%). Only 4.3% had Medicare coverage, and only 2.9% had military coverage.

Health Care Access

The health care access of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall health care access in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 77.9% had a usual place to go for medical care, compared to 83.6% of all households in the state and 81.7% of single mother households in the United States . Moreover, only 64.5% had a personal doctor or health care provider, compared to 71.4% of all households in the state and 69.6% of single mother households in the United States . Furthermore, only 75.6% had a dental visit in the past year, compared to 80.8% of all households in the state and 79.3% of single mother households in the United States .

Health Care Quality

The health care quality of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall health care quality in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 67.8% rated their health care as excellent or very good, compared to 74.2% of all households in the state and 72.4% of single mother households in the United States . Additionally, only 63.6% reported that they always received the health care they needed in the past 12 months, compared to 70.1% of all households in the state and 68.9% of single mother households in the United States .

Medicaid

Medicaid is a federal and state program that provides health insurance coverage to low-income individuals and families who meet certain eligibility criteria. In New Mexico, Medicaid is also known as Centennial Care. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 50.9% received Medicaid coverage. The average monthly premium for a family of three was $0. To be eligible for Medicaid in New Mexico, a family must have a monthly income below $2,127 and meet other requirements such as residency and citizenship status.

Social Security

Social Security Coverage

The social security coverage of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall social security coverage in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, only 19.5% received social security benefits, compared to 26.9% of all households in the state and 23.2% of single mother households in the United States . Social security benefits include retirement, survivor, and disability benefits.

Social Security Amount

The social security amount of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall social security amount in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households that received social security benefits in New Mexico, the median annual social security income was $10,000, compared to $16,000 for all households that received social security benefits in the state and $12,000 for single mother households that received social security benefits in the United States . The mean annual social security income for single mother households that received social security benefits in New Mexico was $11,000, compared to $18,000 for all households that received social security benefits in the state and $14,000 for single mother households that received social security benefits in the United States .

Financial Assistance

TANF

TANF stands for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. It is a federal program that provides cash assistance and work support to low-income families with children. In New Mexico, TANF is also known as NMWorks. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 7.3% received cash benefits from TANF. The average monthly benefit amount for a family of three was $447. To be eligible for TANF in New Mexico, a family must have a monthly income below $1,062 and meet other requirements such as work participation and child support cooperation.

Loans

Loans are another form of financial assistance that single mothers can use to cover their expenses. However, loans have to be repaid with interest and may have negative consequences on the borrower’s credit score and debt burden. In New Mexico, there are various types of loans available for single mothers, such as personal loans, payday loans, title loans, installment loans, and student loans. However, some of these loans may have high interest rates, fees, and penalties that can trap the borrower in a cycle of debt. Therefore, single mothers should be careful and responsible when applying for loans and compare different options before making a decision.

Family

Family is another source of financial assistance that single mothers can rely on. Family members can provide money, goods, services, or emotional support to single mothers and their children. In New Mexico, family support was an important factor for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 28.4% lived with other relatives, such as grandparents, siblings, or cousins. Moreover, 19.8% received alimony or child support income from their former spouses or partners. The median amount of alimony or child support income for single mother households in New Mexico was $3,600 per year.

Food Assistance

SNAP

SNAP stands for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. It is a federal program that provides monthly benefits to low-income households to buy food. In New Mexico, SNAP is also known as EBT or food stamps. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 40.2% received SNAP benefits. The average monthly benefit amount for a household of three was $509. To be eligible for SNAP in New Mexico, a household must have a monthly income below $2,311 and meet other requirements such as work registration and asset limits.

WIC

WIC stands for Women, Infants, and Children. It is a federal program that provides nutrition education, health care referrals, and food vouchers to low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, and postpartum women, and infants and children up to age five who are at nutritional risk. In New Mexico, WIC is administered by the Department of Health. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, 23.8% received WIC benefits. The average monthly benefit amount for a participant was $41. To be eligible for WIC in New Mexico, a woman or child must have a household income below 185% of the federal poverty level and have a nutritional or medical need.

Expenses

Expenses Level

The expenses level of single mother households in New Mexico was lower than the overall expenses level in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, the median monthly expenses were $2,500, compared to $3,000 for all households in the state and $2,500 for single mother households in the United States . The mean monthly expenses for single mother households in New Mexico were $2,857, compared to $3,600 for all households in the state and $2,841 for single mother households in the United States .

Expenses Category

The expenses category of single mother households in New Mexico was similar to the overall expenses category in the state and the national average for single mother households. In 2020, among single mother households in New Mexico, the most common expenses categories were housing (32%), food (15.4%), transportation (13.8%), health care (9.4%), and education (7.7%). The least common expenses categories were entertainment (3.6%), personal care (2.8%), apparel (2.5%), and miscellaneous (2%).

Conclusion

In conclusion, single mother households in New Mexico face many challenges and barriers in various aspects of their lives, such as demographics, income, poverty, financial situation, housing, veteran status, disability status, place of birth, language spoken at home, occupied housing units, food, transportation, childcare, healthcare, expenses and more. These statistics and facts show that single mother households in New Mexico need more support and assistance from the government, the society, and the community to improve their well-being and quality of life.

 

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