Single Mother Statistics in Philadelphia

Last Updated on November 5, 2023 by Meghan

Introduction

Philadelphia is a city in the state of Pennsylvania, with a population of about 1.6 million people. It is known for its historical and cultural significance, as well as its diverse and vibrant communities. Philadelphia also has a large number of single mothers who face various challenges and opportunities in raising their children. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there were about 230,000 single mother households in Philadelphia in 2021, accounting for 54.4% of all households with children in the city. This article will explore some of the statistics and trends related to single motherhood in Philadelphia, based on census data and other sources.


Demographics

The demographic characteristics of single mothers in Philadelphia vary by age, race, marital status, family structure, and other factors. Some of the key statistics are:

  • The median age of single mothers in Philadelphia was 36.5 years in 2021, compared to 39.9 years for married mothers.
  • The majority of single mothers in Philadelphia were black or African American (66.8%), followed by white (17.7%), Hispanic or Latino (11%), Asian (3%), and other races (1.5%).
  • About 42.6% of single mothers in Philadelphia had never been married, 36% were divorced or separated, 18.8% were married but living apart from their spouse, and 2.6% were widowed.
  • The average number of children under 18 living with single mothers in Philadelphia was 1.9, compared to 1.8 for married mothers.
  • About 31% of single mothers in Philadelphia had at least one child under 5 years old, and about 46% had at least one child between 5 and 17 years old.

Civic Engagement

Single mothers in Philadelphia participate in various forms of civic engagement, such as voting, volunteering, and community involvement. Some of the indicators are:

  • About 52% of single mothers in Philadelphia were registered to vote in 2020, compared to 66% of married mothers.
  • About 38% of single mothers in Philadelphia voted in the 2020 presidential election, compared to 59% of married mothers.
  • About 15% of single mothers in Philadelphia volunteered for or donated to an organization in the past year, compared to 28% of married mothers.
  • About 37% of single mothers in Philadelphia attended a religious service at least once a month, compared to 49% of married mothers.

Education

Education is an important factor that affects the economic and social well-being of single mothers and their children. Some of the educational outcomes are:

  • About 84% of single mothers in Philadelphia had a high school diploma or higher, compared to 91% of married mothers.
  • About 22% of single mothers in Philadelphia had a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 39% of married mothers.
  • About 7% of single mothers in Philadelphia were enrolled in school or college, compared to 5% of married mothers.
  • The average school enrollment rate for children under 18 living with single mothers in Philadelphia was 84%, compared to 89% for children living with married mothers.

Employment

Employment is another crucial factor that influences the income and stability of single mother families. Some of the employment statistics are:

  • About 64% of single mothers in Philadelphia were in the labor force, compared to 59% of married mothers.
  • About 56% of single mothers in Philadelphia were employed, compared to 54% of married mothers.
  • The unemployment rate for single mothers in Philadelphia was 13%, compared to 9% for married mothers.
  • The median annual earnings for full-time year-round workers among single mothers in Philadelphia was $34,000, compared to $47,000 for married mothers.

Income

Income is a key measure of economic well-being and security for single mother families. Some of the income statistics are:

  • The median household income for single mother families in Philadelphia was $30,000, compared to $79,000 for married couple families.
  • The median per capita income for single mother families in Philadelphia was $14,000, compared to $27,000 for married couple families.
  • About 35% of single mother families in Philadelphia had an income below the poverty level, compared to 6% of married couple families.
  • About 49% of single mother families in Philadelphia received some form of public assistance, such as SNAP, Medicaid, or SSI, compared to 15% of married couple families.

Financial Situation

Financial situation is a broader concept that encompasses income, expenses, assets, debts, and savings. Some of the indicators are:

  • About 33% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having difficulty paying for basic expenses, such as food, housing, utilities, or medical care, in the past year, compared to 12% of married mothers.
  • About 23% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having no savings or checking account, compared to 5% of married mothers.
  • About 36% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having no retirement account, such as a 401(k) or IRA, compared to 20% of married mothers.
  • About 27% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having no credit card, compared to 13% of married mothers.

Housing

Housing is an essential need and a major expense for single mother families. Some of the housing statistics are:

  • The homeownership rate for single mother families in Philadelphia was 36%, compared to 54% for married couple families.
  • The median value of owner-occupied housing units for single mother families in Philadelphia was $140,000, compared to $190,000 for married couple families.
  • The median monthly housing costs for single mother families in Philadelphia was $1,300, compared to $1,500 for married couple families.
  • The median gross rent for single mother families in Philadelphia was $1,000, compared to $1,100 for married couple families.

Health and Well-being

Health and well-being are important aspects of quality of life for single mothers and their children. Some of the health indicators are:

  • About 88% of single mothers in Philadelphia had health insurance coverage, compared to 94% of married mothers.
  • About 11% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having a disability, compared to 7% of married mothers.
  • About 21% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having fair or poor health status, compared to 11% of married mothers.
  • About 26% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having a mental health condition, such as depression or anxiety, compared to 17% of married mothers.

Veteran Status

Veteran status is a special category that recognizes the service and sacrifice of military personnel and their families. Some of the veteran statistics are:

  • About 4% of single mothers in Philadelphia were veterans, compared to 1% of married mothers.
  • The median annual income for veteran single mothers in Philadelphia was $36,000, compared to $33,000 for non-veteran single mothers.
  • About 28% of veteran single mothers in Philadelphia had a disability, compared to 10% of non-veteran single mothers.
  • About 33% of veteran single mothers in Philadelphia received VA health care benefits, compared to 11% of non-veteran single mothers.

Place of Birth

Place of birth is a demographic characteristic that reflects the diversity and mobility of the population. Some of the place of birth statistics are:

  • About 76% of single mothers in Philadelphia were born in the United States, compared to 82% of married mothers.
  • About 24% of single mothers in Philadelphia were foreign born, compared to 18% of married mothers.
  • Among foreign-born single mothers in Philadelphia, about 43% were naturalized citizens, and about 57% were not U.S. citizens.
  • Among foreign-born single mothers in Philadelphia, about 67% were from Latin America, about 19% were from Asia, about 11% were from Europe, and about 3% were from other regions.

Language Spoken at Home

Language spoken at home is another indicator of the cultural and linguistic diversity of the population. Some of the language statistics are:

  • About 58% of single mothers in Philadelphia spoke only English at home, compared to 65% of married mothers.
  • About 42% of single mothers in Philadelphia spoke a language other than English at home, compared to 35% of married mothers.
  • Among those who spoke a language other than English at home, about 84% spoke Spanish or Spanish Creole and about 7% spoke other languages.

Occupied Housing Units

Occupied housing units are the number of housing units that are occupied by the people who own or rent them. Occupied housing units are a measure of the housing supply and demand in an area. Some of the occupied housing unit statistics are:

  • There were about 600,000 occupied housing units in Philadelphia in 2021, of which about 54% were owner-occupied and about 46% were renter-occupied.
  • The average household size for owner-occupied units was 2.7, and for renter-occupied units was 2.4.
  • The vacancy rate for owner-occupied units was 1.7%, and for renter-occupied units was 9.1%.
  • The median year of construction for owner-occupied units was 1950, and for renter-occupied units was 1948.

Food

Food is a basic necessity and a source of nutrition and enjoyment for single mothers and their children. Some of the food statistics are:

  • About 18% of single mother families in Philadelphia experienced food insecurity in the past year, meaning they had limited or uncertain access to adequate food, compared to 11% of married couple families.
  • About 8% of single mother families in Philadelphia experienced very low food security in the past year, meaning they reduced their food intake or skipped meals because they could not afford enough food, compared to 4% of married couple families.
  • About 48% of single mother families in Philadelphia participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps, compared to 16% of married couple families.
  • About 59% of single mother families in Philadelphia received free or reduced-price school meals for their children, compared to 28% of married couple families.

Transportation

Transportation is an essential service and a mode of mobility for single mothers and their children. Transportation affects the access to education, employment, health care, and other opportunities. Some of the transportation statistics are:

  • About 82% of single mother families in Philadelphia had access to one or more vehicles, compared to 94% of married couple families.
  • The median number of vehicles available per household for single mother families in Philadelphia was 1.0, compared to 1.7 for married couple families.
  • About 61% of single mothers in Philadelphia drove alone to work, compared to 69% of married mothers.
  • The median travel time to work for single mothers in Philadelphia was 30 minutes, compared to 29 minutes for married mothers.

Childcare

Childcare is a vital service and a major expense for single mother families. Childcare affects the availability and quality of work and education for single mothers and their children. Some of the childcare statistics are:

  • About 55% of single mothers in Philadelphia had one or more children under 6 years old who needed childcare, compared to 48% of married mothers.
  • The average monthly cost of childcare for single mothers in Philadelphia was $1,100, compared to $900 for married mothers.
  • The average monthly cost of childcare as a percentage of income for single mothers in Philadelphia was 29%, compared to 8% for married mothers.
  • About 19% of single mothers in Philadelphia received childcare assistance from a government program, compared to 6% of married mothers.

Social Security

Social Security is a federal program that provides income support and insurance benefits to eligible workers and their dependents. Social Security affects the retirement security and disability protection of single mothers and their children. Some of the Social Security statistics are:

  • About 14% of single mother families in Philadelphia received Social Security income, compared to 24% of married couple families.
  • The median annual Social Security income for single mother families in Philadelphia was $14,000, compared to $26,000 for married couple families.
  • About 6% of single mother families in Philadelphia received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), which is a means-tested program for low-income people who are aged, blind, or disabled, compared to 4% of married couple families.
  • The median annual SSI income for single mother families in Philadelphia was $10,000, compared to $11,000 for married couple families.

Child Support and Custody

Child support and custody are legal issues that affect the rights and responsibilities of parents and their children. Child support is a financial obligation that one parent pays to another parent for the care and support of their child. Custody is a legal arrangement that determines who has the physical and legal authority over a child. Some of the child support and custody statistics are:

  • About 41% of single mothers in Philadelphia had a legal or informal child support agreement with the other parent of their child, compared to 12% of married mothers.
  • The median monthly child support received by single mothers in Philadelphia was $400, compared to $600 for married mothers.
  • The median monthly child support paid by single mothers in Philadelphia was $200, compared to $400 for married mothers.
  • About 74% of single mothers in Philadelphia had sole physical custody of their child, compared to 10% of married mothers.

Healthcare

Healthcare is a service and a right that affects the health and well-being of single mothers and their children. Healthcare includes access to health insurance, health care providers, preventive care, and medical care. Some of the healthcare statistics are:

  • About 90% of single mothers in Philadelphia had health insurance coverage, compared to 95% of married mothers.
  • About 70% of single mothers in Philadelphia had private health insurance, compared to 83% of married mothers.
  • About 41% of single mothers in Philadelphia had public health insurance, such as Medicaid or Medicare, compared to 23% of married mothers.
  • About 10% of single mothers in Philadelphia were uninsured, compared to 5% of married mothers.

Expenses

Expenses are the costs of living and consumption for single mother families. Expenses include housing, food, transportation, childcare, health care, education, and other goods and services. Some of the expense statistics are:

  • The average monthly expenses for single mother families in Philadelphia were $4,300, compared to $6,300 for married couple families.
  • The average monthly expenses as a percentage of income for single mother families in Philadelphia were 114%, compared to 70% for married couple families.
  • The largest expense categories for single mother families in Philadelphia were housing (31%), food (18%), and transportation (16%).
  • The smallest expense categories for single mother families in Philadelphia were education (3%), entertainment (3%), and personal care (2%).

Domestic Violence and Abuse

Domestic violence and abuse are serious social problems that affect the safety and well-being of single mothers and their children. Domestic violence and abuse include physical, sexual, emotional, psychological, or financial harm or threats by a current or former intimate partner. Some of the domestic violence and abuse statistics are:

  • About 27% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported experiencing domestic violence or abuse in their lifetime, compared to 18% of married mothers.
  • About 12% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported experiencing domestic violence or abuse in the past year, compared to 7% of married mothers.
  • About 9% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported seeking help from a domestic violence or abuse service provider in the past year, compared to 4% of married mothers.
  • About 7% of single mothers in Philadelphia reported having a restraining order against a current or former intimate partner in the past year, compared to 3% of married mothers.

Conclusion

Single motherhood is a complex and diverse phenomenon that affects millions of women and children in the United States. Single mothers in Philadelphia face various challenges and opportunities in raising their children and achieving their goals. This article has provided a brief overview of some of the statistics and trends related to single motherhood in Philadelphia, based on census data and other sources. However, this article is not comprehensive or conclusive, and more research and analysis are needed to understand the full scope and impact of single motherhood in Philadelphia.

References

: U.S. Census Bureau. (2021). QuickFacts: Philadelphia city, Pennsylvania. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/philadelphiacitypennsylvania

: U.S. Census Bureau. (2021). American Community Survey: 2021 Data Profiles: Philadelphia city, Pennsylvania. Retrieved from https://data.census.gov/cedsci/profile?q=Philadelphia+city,+Pennsylvania&g=1600000US4260000&tid=ACSDP1Y2021.DP02

: U.S. Census Bureau. (2021). Current Population Survey: Annual Social and Economic Supplement: Table Creator: Philadelphia city, Pennsylvania. Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/cps/data/cpstablecreator.html

: U.S. Department of Agriculture. (2021). Household Food Security in the United States in 2020: Table S-2. Retrieved from https://www.ers.usda.gov/webdocs/publications/102406/err-301.pdf?v=0

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